What are aptitude tests, and what purpose do they serve

The aptitude tests help determine an individual’s skills and assess their potential for a job role. It determines the abilities of the individual and assesses how likely they are to perform in a specific domain. An organization’s human resource department will use the aptitude tests to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the candidate. 

What are aptitude tests?

Aptitude tests help to determine the capabilities of an individual in diverse subjects. They are not tests of intelligence or knowledge, but they test a particular skill of the candidate. These tests measure an individual’s competence in numerical ability, verbal ability, logical reasoning, etc. These tests measure the critical intelligence of the individual across different contexts and are thus highly useful as a candidate screening tool in job interviews.  

Types of aptitude tests:

There are many different types of aptitude tests that HR managers use in the recruitment process to test particular abilities and skills of the candidate. These tests are as follows.

  • Mechanical reasoning tests help test the candidates’ knowledge of physical concepts. Managers can institute them to evaluate candidates for technical positions.
  • Situational judgment tests help test a person’s reactions in a specific situation and assess their decision-making skills.
  • Spatial reasoning tests tell how best an individual is able to reach conclusions based on hints.
  • Abstract reasoning skills measure the problem-solving skills of the candidate.
  • Numerical reasoning tests test the ability of the candidate to deal with numbers and data.
  • Verbal reasoning tests measure reading comprehension, reading skills, and language.
  • Logical reasoning tests measure how well a person is able to recognize sequences and patterns and identify relationships between them. 


What are the types of questions that will be given in aptitude tests?

The questions in these tests depend on the position that one is applying for in the organization. The questions might be about missing numbers, shapes, and image patterns or questions from the scenario given. All the questions will project towards testing the ability of the candidate to process information quickly. 

Benefits of aptitude tests:

Tests for aptitude offers a number of advantage for the recruiting team and the human resource personnel of the organization. Its inherent advantages are as follows,

  • It helps to compare the potential of the candidates
  • Helps the human resource manager choose the best talent for the job.
  • The tests are valid and reliable and are fair in their judgment.
  • It helps managers assess the training needs of the candidates
  • They are cost-effective.
  • They are easy to administer and evaluate. 

Bottom Line:

There are many different types of aptitude tests to assess the different skill sets of the candidate. These tests assess the candidates’ fluid and crystal intelligence and help to easily hire talents for different job roles. They are capable of assessing candidates for more than 2,000 job roles and are extremely insightful in supporting businesses. Apart from helping recruit new talents, these tests can greatly help predict employees’ job performance and learnability.